Crowding is the lack of space for all the teeth to fit normally within the jaws. The teeth may be twisted or displaced. Crowding occurs when there is disharmony in the tooth to jaw size relationship, or when the teeth are larger than the available space. Crowding can be caused by early or late loss of primary teeth, or improper eruption of teeth.
Crowding should be corrected because it can:
- Prevent proper cleaning of all the surfaces of your teeth
- Cause dental decay
- Increase the chances of gum disease
- Prevent proper functioning of teeth
- Make your smile less attractive
Extra space can be created orthodontically by expansion of the arches or extraction of teeth. Once space is created, braces will eliminate the crowding and align the teeth. Correction of crowding can help prevent dental decay and periodontal disease by improving the ability to remove plaque from the teeth.